Today in History - 29 October

Azhria Lilu

Captain
October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 63 days remaining until the end of the year.

NOTABLE EVENTS

312 AD

  • Constantine the Great enters Rome after his victory at the Milvian Bridge, stages a grand adventus in the city, and is met with popular jubilation. Maxentius' body is fished out of the Tiber and beheaded.
437 AD
  • Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople unifying the two branches of the House of Theodosius.
969 AD
  • Byzantine troops occupy Antioch Syria.
1268 AD
  • 1268 – Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden byCharles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic Church.
1390 AD
  • First trial for witchcraft in Paris leading to the death of three people.
1422 AD
  • Charles VII of France becomes king in succession to his father Charles VI of France though he isn't officially crowned king until 1429.
1467 AD
  • Battle of Brustem: Charles the Bold defeats Liège.
1611 AD
  • Russian homage to the King of Poland, Sigismund III Vasa.
1618 AD
  • English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
1658 AD
  • 1658 – Battle of the Sound.
1665 AD
  • Battle of Ambuila, in which Portuguese forces defeat the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitated king António I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga.
1675 AD
  • Leibniz makes the first use of the long s (∫) as a symbol of the integral in calculus.
1787 AD
  • Mozart's opera Don Giovanni receives its first performance in Prague.
1792 AD
  • Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
1863 AD
  • Eighteen countries meet in Geneva and agree to form the International Red Cross.
1863 AD
  • American Civil War: Battle of Wauhatchie – Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant repel a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet. Union forces thus open a supply line into Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1886 AD
  • The first ticker-tape parade takes place in New York City when office workers spontaneously throw ticker tape into the streets as the Statue of Liberty is dedicated.
1888 AD
  • The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.
1901 AD
  • In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
  • Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of U.S. President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
1918 AD
  • The German High Seas Fleet is incapacitated when sailors mutiny on the night of the 29th-30th, an action which would trigger the German Revolution of 1918–19.
1921 AD
  • The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
  • Second trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in the United States of America.
  • The Harvard University football team loses to Centre College, ending a 25 game winning streak. This is considered one of the biggest upsets in college football.
1922 AD
  • King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, appoints Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister.
1923 AD
  • Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.
1929 AD
  • The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of '29 or "Black Tuesday", ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression.
1941 AD
  • 1941 – The Holocaust: In the Kaunas Ghetto over 10,000 Jews are shot by German occupiers at the Ninth Fort, a massacre known as the "Great Action".
1942 AD
  • The Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.
1944 AD
  • The city of Breda in the Netherlands is liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division.
1945 AD
  • Getúlio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigns.
1948 AD
  • Safsaf massacre.
1953 AD
  • BCPA Flight 304 DC-6 crashes near San Francisco. Pianist William Kapell is among the 19 killed.
1955 AD
  • The Soviet battleship Novorossiysk strikes a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol.
1956 AD
  • Suez Crisis begins: Israeli forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.
  • The Tangier Protocol is signed: The international city Tangier is reintegrated into Morocco.
1957 AD
  • Israel's prime minister David Ben-Gurion and five of his ministers are injured when a hand grenade is tossed into Israel's parliament, the Knesset.
1960 AD
  • In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later takes the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight.
1961 AD
  • Syria exits from the United Arab Republic.
1964 AD
  • The United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.
  • A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat (113 g) Star of India, is stolen by a group of thieves (among them is "Murph the surf") from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
1967 AD
  • London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
  • Montreal's World Fair, Expo 67, closes with over 50 million visitors.
1969 AD
  • The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.
1971 AD
  • In Macon, Georgia, guitarist Duane Allman is killed in a motorcycle accident.
1972 AD
  • The three surviving perpetrators of the Munich massacre are released from prison in exchange for the hostages of hijacked Lufthansa Flight 615.
1980 AD
  • Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base's Duke Field, Florida leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.
1985 AD
  • Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multi-party election in Liberia.
1986 AD
  • British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway.
1991 AD
  • The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
1994 AD
  • Francisco Martin Duran fires over two dozen shots at the White House (Duran is later convicted of trying to kill US President Bill Clinton).
1997 AD
  • Anton LaVey, founder of the Church of Satan, dies in San Francisco of pulmonary edema
1998 AD
  • Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.
  • Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.
  • ATSC HDTV broadcasting in the United States is inaugurated with the launch of STS-95 space shuttle mission.
  • While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he is landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.
  • Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, makes landfall in Honduras.
  • The Gothenburg nightclub fire in Sweden kills 63 and injures 200.
1999 AD
  • A large cyclone devastates Odisha, India.
2002 AD
  • Ho Chi Minh City ITC fire, a fire destroys a luxurious department store where 1500 people are shopping. Over 60 people die and over 100 are unaccounted for. It is the deadliest disaster in Vietnam during peacetime.
2004 AD
  • The Arabic-language news network Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a 2004 Osama bin Laden video in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the2004 U.S. presidential election.
2005 AD
  • Bombings in Delhi kill more than 60.
2008 AD
  • Delta Air Lines merges with Northwest Airlines, creating the world's largest airline and reducing the number of US legacy carriers to 5.
2012 AD
  • Hurricane Sandy hits the east coast of the United States, killing 148 directly and 138 indirectly, while leaving nearly $70 billion in damages and causing major power outages.

BIRTHS

1504
  • Shin Saimdang, Korean painter and poet (d. 1551)
1682
  • Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (d. 1761)
1690
  • Martin Folkes, English antiquarian (d. 1754)
1704
  • John Byng, English admiral (d. 1757)
1740
  • James Boswell, Scottish lawyer and author (d. 1795)
1815
  • Daniel Emmett, American composer (d. 1904)
1822
  • Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Polish cardinal (d. 1902)
1832
  • Narcisa de Jesús, Ecuadorian saint (d. 1869)
1855
  • Paul Bruchési, Canadian archbishop (d. 1939)
1856
  • Jacques Curie, French physicist and professor at the University of Montpellier (d. 1941)
1861
  • Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
1866
  • Antonio Luna, Filipino general (d. 1899)
1875
  • Marie of Romania (d. 1938)
1877
  • Narcisa de Leon, Filipino film producer (d. 1966)
  • Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (d. 1973)
1879
  • Alva B. Adams, American politician (d. 1941)
  • Franz von Papen, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1969)
1880
  • Abram Ioffe, Soviet physicist (d. 1960)
1881
  • John DeWitt, American hammer thrower (d. 1930)
1882
  • Jean Giraudoux, French author and playwright (d. 1944)
1883
  • Victor Hochepied, French swimmer (d. 1966)
1891
  • Fanny Brice, American actress and singer (d. 1951)
1897
  • Joseph Goebbels, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1945)
1899
  • Kate Seredy, Hungarian-born children's author and illustrator (d. 1975)
  • Akim Tamiroff, Russian actor (d. 1972)
1905
  • Henry Green, English author (d. 1973)
1906
  • Fredric Brown, American author (d. 1972)
1907
  • Edwige Feuillère, French actress (d. 1998)
1910
  • A. J. Ayer, English philosopher and author (d. 1989)
1914
  • Maxim of Bulgaria (d. 2012)
1915
  • William Berenberg, American physician (d. 2005)
1917
  • Eddie Constantine, American-French actor and singer (d. 1993)
1918
  • Bernard Gordon, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2007)
1920
  • Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-American immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
  • Baselios Thoma Didymos I, Indian bishop
1921
  • Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
1922
  • Neal Hefti, American trumpet player and composer (d. 2008)
1923
  • Carl Djerassi, Austrian chemist and author
  • Gerda van der Kade-Koudijs, Dutch runner
1925
  • Dominick Dunne, American author (d. 2009)
  • Robert Hardy, English actor
  • Haim Hefer, Polish-Israeli songwriter and poet (d. 2012)
  • Zoot Sims, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1985)
1926
  • Jon Vickers, Canadian tenor
1929
  • Irvine Patnick, English politician (d. 2012)
  • Yevgeny Primakov, Russian politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Russia
1930
  • Bertha Brouwer, Dutch runner (d. 2006)
  • Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor and painter (d. 2002)
  • Omara Portuondo, Cuban singer (Cuarteto d'Aida)
  • Natalie Sleeth, American composer (d. 1992)
1931
  • Franco Interlenghi, Italian actor
1935
  • Isao Takahata, Japanese animator, screenwriter, and producer
1936
  • Akiko Kojima, Japanese model, Miss Universe 1959
1938
  • Ralph Bakshi, American director, screenwriter, and producer
  • Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian politician, 24th President of Liberia
1940
  • Frida Boccara, French singer (d. 1996)
  • David Brigati, American singer (Joey Dee and the Starliters and The Rascals)
  • Connie Mack III, American politician
  • José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Mexican archbishop
  • Galen Weston, Canadian businessman and philanthropist
  • Jack Shepherd, English actor
1942
  • Melora Harte, American voice actress
  • Bob Ross, American painter and television host (d. 1995)
1943
  • Don Simpson, American actor, screenwriter, and producer (d. 1996)
1944
  • Claude Brochu, Canadian businessman
  • Denny Laine, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Moody Blues, Ginger Baker's Air Force, and Wings)
1945
  • Melba Moore, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • Gerrit Ybema, Dutch politician (d. 2012)
  • Ron Maag, Ohio State Representative of the 35th District
  • Mick Gallagher, English Hammond organ player
1946
  • Lynn Carey, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • Peter Green, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Fleetwood Mac, Peter Green Splinter Group, and John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers)
1947
  • Helen Coonan, Australian politician
  • Richard Dreyfuss, American actor
1948
  • Frans de Waal, Dutch primatologist and ethologist
  • Kate Jackson, American actress, director, and producer
1949
  • Kieron Baker, English footballer
  • Paul Orndorff, American wrestler
  • David Paton, Scottish guitarist (Pilot, The Alan Parsons Project, Bay City Rollers, and Camel)
  • James Williamson, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (The Stooges)
1950
  • Abdullah Gül, Turkish politician, 11th President of Turkey
  • Bronwen Mantel, Canadian actress
1951
  • Dirk Kempthorne, American politician, 30th Governor of Idaho
  • Tiff Needell, English race car driver and television host
1953
  • Denis Potvin, Canadian ice hockey player
1954
  • Lee Child, British author
1955
  • Kevin DuBrow, American singer-songwriter (Quiet Riot) (d. 2007)
  • Roger O'Donnell, English keyboard player (The Cure and Thompson Twins)
1956
  • Wilfredo Gómez, Puerto Rican boxer
1957
  • Dan Castellaneta, American actor
1958
  • Blažej Baláž, Slovak painter
  • David Remnick, American journalist
1959
  • Jesse Barfield, American baseball player
  • Mike Gartner, Canadian ice hockey player
1960
  • Finola Hughes, English actress
  • Thorsten Schlumberger, German footballer
1961
  • Randy Jackson, American singer-songwriter and dancer (The Jackson 5)
  • Joel Otto, American ice hockey player and coach
1962
  • Einar Örn Benediktsson, Icelandic singer, trumpet player and politician (The Sugarcubes, Purrkur Pillnikk, and KUKL)
1963
  • Gerald Morris, American author
1964
  • Yasmin Le Bon, English model
  • Eddie McGuire, Australian businessman and television host
1965
  • Tyler Collins, American singer-songwriter
1967
  • Joely Fisher, American actress
  • Rufus Sewell, English actor
1968
  • Tsunku, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer (Sharam Q)
  • Johann Olav Koss, Norwegian speed skater
1969
  • Giorgos Donis, Greek footballer
  • Eleni Menegaki, Greek actress and talk show host
1970
  • Phillip Cocu, Dutch footballer
  • Edwin van der Sar, Dutch footballer
1971
  • Daniel J. Bernstein, American mathematician and academic
  • Matthew Hayden, Australian cricketer
  • Winona Ryder, American actress
1972
  • Takafumi Horie, Japanese businessman, founded Livedoor
  • Tracee Ellis Ross, American actress
  • Gabrielle Union, American actress
1973
  • Éric Messier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • Robert Pirès, French footballer
1974
  • Michael Vaughan, English cricketer
1975
  • Kelly Lin, Chinese actress
1976
  • Stephen Craigan, Irish footballer
  • Milena Govich, American actress
  • Giorgos Kalaitzis, Greek basketball player
1977
  • Jon Abrahams, American actor
  • Brendan Fehr, Canadian actor
  • Vaggelis Kaounos, Greek footballer
1978
  • Travis Henry, American football player
  • Kelly Smith, English footballer
1979
  • Andrew-Lee Potts, English actor
  • Ignasi Giménez Renom, Catalan politician
1980
  • Ben Foster, American actor
  • Nadejda Ostrovskaya, Belarusian tennis player
  • Kaine Robertson, New Zealand-Italian rugby player
  • B. J. Sams, American football player
1981
  • Amanda Beard, American swimmer
  • Angelika de la Cruz, Filipina actress
  • Jonathan Brown, Australian footballer
  • Georgios Fotakis, Greek footballer
  • Reema Sen, Indian actress
1982
  • Ariel Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • Chelan Simmons, Canadian actress
1983
  • Richard Brancatisano, Australian actor
  • Maurice Clarett, American football player
  • Dana Eveland, American baseball player
  • Johnny Lewis, American actor (d. 2012)
  • Jason Tahincioglu, Turkish race car driver
  • Freddie Eastwood, Welsh footballer
1984
  • Eric Staal, Canadian ice hockey player
1985
  • Cal Crutchlow, English motorcycle racer
  • Janet Montgomery, English actress
  • Jefferson Severino, Brazilian footballer
  • Vijendra Kumar,Indian olympic Boxer
1986
  • Sarita Pérez de Tagle, Filipino actress
1987
  • Jessica Dubé, Canadian figure skater
  • Zé Eduardo, Brazilian footballer
  • Frazer McLaren, Canadian ice hockey player
  • Makoto Ogawa, Japanese singer and actress (Morning Musume and Dream Morning Musume)
1990
  • Eric Saade, Swedish singer (What's Up!)
1993
  • Ágnes Bukta, Hungarian tennis player
  • India Eisley, American actress

DEATHS

1138

  • Bolesław III Wrymouth, Polish prince (b. 1086)
1268
  • Conradin, Italian king (b. 1252)
  • Frederick I, Margrave of Baden (b. 1249)
1321
  • Stephen Uroš II Milutin of Serbia (b. 1253)
1590
  • Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert, Dutch philosopher, theologian, and politician (b. 1522)
1618
  • Walter Raleigh, English soldier and explorer (b. 1554)
1650
  • David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
1666
  • Edmund Calamy the Elder, English religious leader (b. 1600)
1783
  • Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician (b. 1717)
1829
  • Maria Anna Mozart, Austrian pianist (b. 1751)
1877
  • Nathan Bedford Forrest, American general (b. 1821)
1897
  • Henry George, American politician and economist (b. 1839)
1901
  • Leon Czolgosz, American assassin of William McKinley (b. 1873)
1905
  • Étienne Desmarteau, Canadian weight thrower (b. 1873)
1911
  • Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-American politician and publisher, founded Pulitzer, Inc. (b. 1847)
1916
  • John Sebastian Little, American politician, 21st Governor of Arkansas (b. 1851)
1918
  • Rudolf Tobias, Estonian composer (b. 1873)
1919
  • Albert Benjamin Simpson, Canadian preacher, theologian, and author, founded the Christian and Missionary Alliance (b. 1843)
1924
  • Frances Burnett, English-American playwright and author (b. 1849)
1932
  • Joseph Babiński, Polish-French neurologist (b. 1857)
1933
  • Albert Calmette, French physician (b. 1863)
  • Paul Painlevé, French mathematician and politician, Prime Minister of France (b. 1853)
1936
  • Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish journalist and theorist (b. 1874)
1939
  • Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (b. 1864)
1940
  • Phan Boi Chau, Vietnamese activist (b. 1867)
1941
  • Harvey Hendrick, American baseball player (b. 1897)
1949
  • George Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)
1950
  • Gustaf V of Sweden (b. 1858)
1953
  • William Kapell, American pianist (b. 1922)
1957
  • Louis B. Mayer, Russian-American film producer (b. 1885)
  • Rosemarie Nitribitt, German murder victim (b. 1933)
1958
  • Zoë Akins, American playwright (b. 1886)
1963
  • Adolphe Menjou, American actor (b. 1890)
1969
  • Pops Foster, American bassist (b. 1892)
1971
  • Duane Allman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Allman Brothers Band, Hour Glass, Derek and the Dominos, and The Allman Joys) (b. 1946)
  • Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
1977
  • Chiyonoyama Masanobu, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 41st Yokozuna (b. 1926)
1980
  • Giorgio Borg Olivier, 7th Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1911)
1981
  • Georges Brassens, French singer-songwriter and poet (b. 1921)
1986
  • Mimis Fotopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1913)
1987
  • Woody Herman, American singer, musician, and bandleader (b. 1913)
1988
  • Kamladevi Chattopadhyay,Indian Social Reformer(b.1903)
1993
  • Lipman Bers, American mathematician (b. 1914)
1994
  • Shlomo Goren, Israeli rabbi (b. 1918)
1995
  • Terry Southern, American screenwriter (b. 1924)
1996
  • Eugen Kapp, Estonian composer (b. 1908)
1997
  • Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan (b. 1930)
  • Andreas Gerasimos Michalitsianos, Greek-American astronomer and astrophysicist (b. 1947)
1998
  • Paul Misraki, French composer (b. 1908)
1999
  • Greg, Belgian writer and illustrator (b. 1931)
2000
  • Carlos Guastavino, Argentine composer (b. 1912)
2002
  • Glenn McQueen, American animator (b. 1960)
2003
  • Hal Clement, American author (b. 1922)
  • Franco Corelli, Italian tenor (b. 1921)
2004
  • Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (b. 1923)
  • Vaughn Meader, American comedian (b. 1936)
  • Peter Twinn, English mathematician (b. 1916)
2005
  • Ion Irimescu, Romanian sculptor and sketcher (b. 1903)
2006
  • Muhammadu Maccido, Nigerian ruler, 19th Sultan of Sokoto (b. 1928)
2008
  • Mike Baker, American singer-songwriter (Shadow Gallery) (b. 1963)
2011
  • Jimmy Savile, English radio and television host (b. 1926)
2012
  • Warsame Shire Awale, Somali poet, playwright, and songwriter (b. 1951)
  • Letitia Baldrige, American etiquette expert and secretary (b. 1926)
  • J. Bernlef, Dutch author (b. 1937)
  • Albano Harguindeguy, Argentine general (b. 1927)
  • Susumu Ishikawa, Japanese voice actor and singer (b. 1933)
  • Kenneth G. Ryder, American academic (b. 1924)
  • Wallace L. W. Sargent, English-American astronomer (b. 1935)
  • Jack Vaughn, American diplomat (b. 1920)


HOLIDAYS AND OBSERVANCES

  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Abraham of Rostov
    • Douai Martyrs
    • Gaetano Errico
    • James Hannington (Anglican Church)
    • Narcissus of Jerusalem (Roman Catholic Church)
    • October 29 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

  • Coronation Day (Cambodia)

  • Republic Day or Cumhuriyet Bayramı (Turkey)
 
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